The study was conducted at Bahi District to assess
contribution of paddy production toward annual household income among
smallholder paddy producer. The study had three specific objectives, to
determine level of paddy production at Bahi district, to determine household
income earned from paddy and other sources and to analyse factors affecting
paddy production among smallholder producers. Data were collected through
interview, observation, focus group discussion and documentary review. Both
descriptive and inferential statistics were adopted during data analysis. Finding from the study showed that average
land used in paddy production by smallholder paddy producers is 2.75 acres with
an average production of 934.75 Kg of rice per acre in 2014 season.
The average annual income earned from paddy production was
Tsh 1,980,885 and contributed 34% to annual household income among smallholder
paddy producers. Extension services, credit accessibility and use of
agricultural inputs were major factors observed to affect paddy production.
However, smallholder paddy producers in Bahi have not yet utilized agricultural
inputs effectively. Extension services provided were insufficient and paddy
production in Bahi depends on rainfall from river Bubu catchment areas to
facilitate availability of water for irrigation. Therefore smallholder paddy
producers should be empowered to adopt modern production techniques include use
of agricultural inputs. Government should hire more extension officers to
extend extension services for efficient transfer of production technologies.
River Bubu catchment areas and banks should be protected by the government and
environmental conservation partners to ensure availability of enough water for
irrigations in Bahi.