The legal practitioner is a research and law
teaching, where Lawyers & Judges study cases online. They insert in any
newspaper, periodical or any other publications and advertisement offering as a
member of the Bar to undertake confidential inquiries; to write for publication
or give an interview to the press or otherwise cause or permit to be published,
except in a legal periodical, any particulars of his practice or earnings in
the profession or of cases pending on the courts or cases where the time for
appeal has not expired on any matter in which he has been engaged as a member
of the Bar, to answer questions on legal subjects in the press or any
periodical on in wireless or television broadcast where his name or initials
are directly or indirectly disclosed or likely or be disclosed.
The maintenance of a respectful attitude
towards the court is been made. It is unprofessional on the part of a member of
the Bar to promote a case, which to his own knowledge is false.
Referring to different cases by some judges
and lawyers, considering the fact-finding information displayed on related
cases on the web.
The situations where cases are adjourned are
made known to the public who are interested in those involved in the case. The
disciplinary committee aims to consider and determine any case where it is
alleged that a person whose name is on the role of legal practitioners has
misbehaved in his capacity as a legal practitioner or should for any other
reason be the subject of proceedings under the Decree to hear appeals from any
direction given by the disciplinary committee. Preparing and from time to time,
revising a statement as to the kind of conduct is considered to be infamous
conduct in professional respect. This is to say that if the case is being
adjourned, they will automatically know about the information online.
Judgment is being concluded to be available
to other practitioners online, either in favour or against, depending on the
The introduction of a computer application is
a great change in a legal practitioner based on the website through browsing,
which helps them to make references on different cases from the files documented.
As a machine, it is faster, accurate, easy to be used. By the available data,
it involves writing a program of instructions.
A lawyer maintains a respectful attitude
towards the court. They have to engage in public prosecutions, to see that justice
Table Of Contents
1.1 Statement Of Problems
1.2 Aims And Objectives
1.3 Scope Of The Study
1.4 Limitations Of The Study
1.5 Definition Of Terms
2.0 Literature Review
3.0 Description And Analysis Of Existing
3.1 Fact Finding Method
3.2 Background Of Case Study
3.3 Objectives Of Existing System
3.4 Input Process, Output Analysis
3.5 Information Flow Diagram
3.6 Problems Of Existing System
3.7 Justification Of Existing System
4.0 Design Of New System
4.1 Output Specification And Design
4.2 Input Specification And Design
4.3 File Design
4.4 Procedure Chart
4.5 System Requirement
5.1 Program Design
5.2 Program Flow Chart
5.3 Test Run
To understand the web-based legal
practitioner application system includes not merely the profession, which is
practised in courts but also covers law teaching, law research, administration
in different branches where law plays a role and in fact, commercial and industrial
employment and all other activities, which postulates and requires the use of
legal knowledge and skill and which adopts legal process also fall within its
scope. The web-based legal practitioner comprises all those who use technical
legal knowledge through the net in performing their various occupational roles.
These will include such categories as practitioners of law and legal advisers,
judges and magistrates, Area court Judges and Islamic Court Judges, academic
lawyers and scholars, legal technicians (e.g. consultants) etc.
A legal practitioner is a person entitled to
practice as a barrister (advocate) or as a barrister and solicitor. In Nigeria,
every legal practitioner is a barrister and solicitor. For exam plc, an
advocate practising in a country whose legal system is similar to that of
Nigeria may be permitted by the chief justice of Nigeria to practice as a
barrister. The chief justice has no power to permit him to practices as a
solicitor. Furthermore, a Senior Advocate of Nigeria is not entitled to
practice as a solicitor.
1.1 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
The problem statement is mainly centralised
on the existing method of web-based legal practitioner application system. The
information obtained online shows that a legal practitioner is entitled to
recover his charges by action in a court of competent jurisdiction. In General,
before a legal practitioner brings such action, a bill for the charges
containing particulars of the principal items included in the bill and signed
by him, or in the case of a firm by one of the partners or in the name of the
firm, must have been served on the client personally or left for him at his
last address as known to the practitioner or sent by post addressed to the
client at that address.
In addition, the period of one month
beginning with the date of delivery of the bill must have expired. There are
provisions in the legal practitioners for taxation of bills of charges
delivered by a legal practitioner to his clients.
The council is to be consulted by the
Attorney-General of the federation before making regulations for the enrolment
as legal practitioners in Nigeria, Court of Appeal Enugu as a case study,
members of the legal profession in any other country on a reciprocal basis.
The Attorney – General of the federation is
also required to hold consultations with the council before varying the rates
of practising fees specified.
1.2 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES
The web-based legal practitioner application
system has an increasingly important role in a modern state not only in the
dispensation of justice but also in the formulation of just legal order and the
preservation of efficient juristic order.
The characteristics of the online legal
practitioner such as independence, integrity, official administration of courts
and administration of justice.
There is a role of legal practitioners kept
as a roll of court and maintained by the Chief Registrar of the Supreme Court
of Nigeria. In general, a person is entitled to be enrolled if and only if:
(a) He has been called to the bar by the Body
of Benchers; and
(b) He produces a certificate of his call to
the Bar to the Chief Registrar of Supreme Court.
In general, persons whose names are on the
roll of legal practitioners kept as a roll of court and maintained by the chief
Register of the Supreme Court are entitled to practice as barristers and
solicitors. However, the chief justice of Nigeria may, by warrant under his
hand authorise a person, whose name is not on the roll, on payment to the Chief
Registrar of the Supreme Court of such fee not exceeding 50 Naira as may be
specified in the warrant, to practice as a barrister for specified proceedings
and any appeal brought in connection with those proceedings.
The power of the chief justice to authorise a
person to practise as a barrister under this provision is exercisable where:
(a) an application for permission to practise
as a barrister is made to the chief justice by or on behalf of any person who
is the opinion of the chief justice is entitled to practise as an advocate in
any country where the legal system is similar to that of Nigeria; and
(b) the chief justice thinks that it is
expedient to permit the person to practice as a barrister for proceedings
concerning which the application is brought.
Furthermore, a person for the time being
exercising the functions of any of the following offices is entitled to
practise as a barrister and solicitor for the office:
(a) The office of the Attorney-General,
solicitor-General or Director of public prosecutions of the federation or a
(b) Such offices in the public service of the
federation or a state as the Attorney-General of the federation or the state,
as the maybe.
1.3 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
Reference could be made from different parts
of the world about a case online. Because information is displayed on the web
because some Judges and Lawyers could be able to refer to how related cases are
For instance, somebody is having a case of
murder in the court and you want to search, to know how the case was treated or
how it was judged. As a lawyer, you may go on the net, to search for a related
case to the case you are handling and how it was treated, to know or for an
easy decision on your own cases.
Although a person has been enrolled as a
legal practitioner, his right to practise as a legal practitioner may be
(a) he is a Senior Advocate of Nigeria; or
(b) he has not paid a practising fee: or
(c) he is a legal practitioner of fewer than
seven years standing.
The rank of legal practitioners known as
Senior Advocates of Nigeria is Equivalent to that of Queen’s Counsel which has
been abolished in Nigeria. The Amendment provides that the legal practitioner’s
privileges committee may by instrument confer the rank of senior advocate of
Nigeria on a legal practitioner who has been qualified to practice as a legal
practitioner in Nigeria for not less than 10 years and who has achieved
distinction in the legal profession in such manner as the committee may from time
to time determine.
1.5 DEFINITION OF TERMS
The Council: This is established by legal
education, and is responsible for the legal education of persons seeking to
become members of the legal profession.
The Chief Justice: He is to authorise a
person whose name is not on the roll, on payment to the Chief Registrar of the
supreme court of such fee not exceeding 50 Naira as may be specified in the
A Barrister: His purpose is to specify
proceedings and of any appeal brought in connection with those proceedings.
The Disciplinary Committee: They consider and
determines any case here it is alleged that a person whose name is on the role
of legal practitioner has misbehaved in his capacity as a legal practitioner or
should for any other reason be the subject of proceedings.
Appeal Committee: Hear appeals from any
direction given by the disciplinary committee.
General Counsel of the Bar: Prepares and from
time to time, revising a statement as to the kind of conduct it considers to be
infamous conduct in professional respect.
A Lawyer: A lawyer maintains a respectful
attitude towards the court. He’s trained and qualified to advise people about
the law and represent them in a court of law.
The Judiciary: He settles and decides
controversies between the citizens inter se and between the state and the
The Nigerian Courts: Are the supreme court of
Nigeria, the Court of Appeal, (and of recent a constitutional court); the
federal High Court, a High Court of a state, a sharia Court of Appeals of a
state; a customary court of Appeal of a state and such court as may be
authorised by law to exercise jurisdiction on matters concerning which the
National Assembly or State House of Assembly (as the case may be) are
authorised to make laws. A law court is a statutory place for proper
interpretation of the law to resolve disputes and conflicts.
Judges: They should indeed move in the
direction of the jurisprudence of welfare and adopt a judicial approach that
identifies the political, social and economic problems facing the country and
using the law to provide solutions to these problems. They lead in the
proceedings. He has the authority to decide on offenders.
Litigation: This is the process of making or
defending a claim in a court of law.
Appellant: Is one who takes a case to the
court. He is the complainant.
Respondent: This one is defending in a claim;
he is responding to the complaint.
Case list: These are scheduling of cases to
be heard by the court on the following day.
Appeal: This can be a formal request to a
court of law for a judgment to be passed on an issue.
Motion: In a court, it is an application to a
court or judge for a ruling or order.
Proceedings: This is an activity carried in a
law court in a bid to settle a dispute.
The Registrar: This is a person in the law
court that makes entries in the file ie what happens in the court each day. He
signs as the commissioner of oaths, compile record or appeals, and access
documents and certify them.
Clerk: This can be a person in the court who
is in charge of the records of the court.
Court Bailiff: This is a person in the court
that serve processes like messengers.
Case Book: This is a book where all cases are
recorded, details of each case like names of parties involved in the case, case
number (charge number), the name of the high court where the case came from,
etc. are recorded in this book including the writ of summoning.
Writ of Summon: This is like a form of
details of the names of the litigants, the case number etc. it is served to the
defendant letting him know that he has a case and asking him to enter for an