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INFLUENCE OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY ON STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT IN IGBO LANGUAGE



TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page…………………………………………………………………….I

Approval page………………………………………………………………..II

Certification …………………………………………………………………III

Dedication ……………………………………………………………………IV

Acknowledgements…………………………………………………………….V

Table of contents………………………………………………………………VI

Abstract ………………………………………………………………………VII

List of Tables ………………………………………………………………VIII

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION ……………………………………….1

Background of the Study……………………………………………………..1

Statement of the Problem……………………………………………………..4

Purpose of the Study…………………………………………………………5

Significance of the Study……………………………………………………….5

Scope of the Study……………………………………………………………7

Research Questions…………………………………………………………..7

Hypotheses………………………………………………………………………..7

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE………………..9

Conceptual Framework…………………………………………………….…9

Concept of Adolescence …………………………………………………….10

Family Upbringing and Adolescence………………………………………..12

Juvenile Delinquency..…………….…………………………………………16

Nature, Significance and Integration of the Igbo Language……………20

Achievement Measurement in Education……………………………………22

Problems of Teaching and Learning of the Igbo Language………………….23

Improving Achievement in the Igbo Language……………………………….26

Influence of Juvenile Delinquency on Student’s Academic Achievement.29

Social Factors of Juvenile Delinquency………………………………………31

School and Juvenile Delinquency…………………………………………….33

Influence of Parental Motivation on Student’s Academic Achievement..34

Theoretical Framework……………………………………………………….38

The Biological Theories………………………………………………………39

Sub-cultural Theory……………………….…………………………………39

Skinner’s Theory……………………………………………………………  39

Behaviorist Theory…………………………………………………………   41

Summary of Literature Review……………………………………………….43

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHOD ………………………………..  45

Design of the Study…………………………………………………………   45

Area of the Study……………………………..………………………………45

Population of the Study………………………………………………………45

Sample and Sampling Technique………………………………………………46

Instrument for Data Collection………………………………………………..46

Validation of the Instrument………………………………………………….47

Reliability of the Instrument…………………………………………….……48

Method of Data Collection…………………………………………………….48

Method of Data Analysis………………………………………………..……48

Chapter Four RESULTS   ……….…………………………………………49

Summary of the findings of the study………………………………………..55

Chapter Five: DISCUSSION OF THE FINDINGS, CONCLUSIONS,EDUCATIONAL IMPLICATIONS AND SUMMARY………56

Type of family upbringing and influence on delinquent behaviours..56

Delinquent behaviour and students’ academic achievement in Igbo Language.57

Parental motivation and students’ academic achievement in Igbo Language…57

School factors influence on delinquent behaviour………………………58

Conclusion of the findings……………………………………………………59

Educational implications……………………………………………………  60

Recommendations…………………….………………………………………60

Limitation of the study………………..………………………………………61

Suggestions for further research………………………………………………62

Summary and conclusion………………………………………………………62

References………………………………………………………………….…..64

Appendices………………………………………………………………….….70

List of Tables and figures

Table 1.Influence of family upbringing adolescence behaviour…………49

Table 2. Analysis of test for equality of variances on Influence of type

 of family upbringing on adolescence behaviour…………………….50

Table 3. Influence of delinquent behaviour on achievement in Igbo Language……………………………………………….50

Table 4. Analysis of test for equality of variances on delinquent Behaviour as a significant factor in student’s achievement…………. .……………51

Table 5. Influence of parental motivation on academic achievement..52

Table 6. Analysis of test for equality of variances on influence of parental motivation on students achievement in Igbo Language……………………53

Table 7.Influence of school factors on delinquent behaviour…… ……….54

Table 8. Analysis of test for equality of variances on

  Influence of school factors on adolescence …………55

ABSTRACT

The study investigated the influence of juvenile delinquency on students’ achievement on Igbo language. It was also set out to determine the effect of parental motivation on academic achievement. Four research questions and four hypotheses guided the study. Expo-factor research design was used for the study. The population consists of one hundred and sixty students in the twenty-three (23) Senior Secondary Schools in Nsukka Education Zone which was the area of study. Retrospective term performance on Igbo language and the sample questionnaire were distributed to delinquent and non-delinquent students randomly drawn from eight (8) schools of the twenty-three (23) secondary schools in Nsukka Education Zone.

The instruments for data collection were questionnaire and achievement tests. Thirty three (33) items on family upbringing and academic and thirty four (34) items on delinquent behaviour and academic achievement (JDCSAIQ) were generated for the study. These items were face validated by three experts in Department of Language Education and Measurement and Evaluation unit, University of Nigeria, Nsukka. The instruments were trial tested on fifteen (15) students from Girls’ Secondary School, Owrre-Ezeorba. The data obtained were used to calculate the reliability of the instrument using Combach Alpha based formula and the reliability coefficient of 0.8 was considered significant. The data on items collected for the study were analyzed using mean, t-test and leven’s Test for Equality of variances at 0.05 level of significance. The major findings of the study show that juvenile delinquency had significant influence on students achievement in Igbo language. It also showed that parental motivation and family upbringing influence achievement in Igbo language. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that seminars and workshops be organized for secondary schools where parents, students and teachers learn the importance of Language in human development. This will improve the teaching method in Igbo by using demonstration and instructional material so as to help the students develop interest in the subject, the limitations of the study were outlined and suggestions for further research were given. 

 


INFLUENCE OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY ON STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT IN IGBO LANGUAGE


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